We all know that bariatric surgery is a viable option when all the other options fail to work, but do you know there are various types of bariatric surgery and you and your doctor need to make a choice regarding which one is the most fruitful one for you. Here is some information regarding the types of surgery that might you in making the right decision or at least know what a particular procedure intends to achieve.
Gastric bypass surgery
This is one of the oldest surgical procedure existing, it is also known as Roux-en-Y bypass surgery. It involves surgically stapling and dividing the stomach into a small pouch that is located at the point where the oesophagus meets the stomach. This makes stomach hold less food and this makes you feel full and limits your intake thereby aiding in weight loss. Moreover, the small pouch is connected to the small intestine in such a way that it skips the first portion of the small intestine consisting duodenum, this reduces some amount of calorie absorption from the food which further helps in weight loss.
Sleeve gastrectomy is another common surgery for weight loss after gastric bypass surgery. This surgery is quite similar to the gastric bypass surgery but here the stomach is partitioned in such a way that one of its parts becomes a banana-shaped tube and rest of the part is removed. This surgery actually makes the stomach smaller and makes you eat less. Also, the removed part of stomach contains hormones that signal the brain about your hunger. Therefore when that part is removed, it decreases the desire of seeking food and further aids in weight loss.
Adjustable gastric band
In this surgery, a gastric band is placed around the upper portion of the stomach, it creates a small pouch above it and it has an inflatable balloon that can be used to control the thickness of the stomach opening. There is a controller of this inflatable band that is placed underneath a soft tissue in the abdominal area. Doctors use this controller to control the narrowness of opening between the partitions after the surgery. You may have to visit the doctor few times until the right amount of narrowness is achieved.
Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch
This is one of the most time-consuming as well as intensive surgical procedure, firstly the stomach is made into a banana-shaped tube and then it is connected to the small intestine in a way that food bypasses almost three-forth part of small intestine. This surgery intends to limit the amount of nutrients absorbed from the food as much of the duodenum is bypassed. It also decreases the size of the stomach to an extent, thus controlling the food intake.
This procedure involves doctors placing a gastric balloon in the stomach through the throat, this balloon takes up some of the space in the stomach and leaves less space for food. This balloon can be used only for a period of 6 months and thus can provide a limited control over reducing food intake.
Where to get yourself treated?
These weight loss procedures are now available worldwide, although some common procedures like gastric bypass are easier to find than other ones. Countries like India are home to some of the best hospitals for these surgeries. Moreover, weight loss treatment cost in India is much effective and affordable than any other part of the world. India’s Quality-driven approach towards treatment is making many medical tourists keen to visit the country. An organisation like medmonks could come to help when you have to look and arrange treatments in Indian Hospitals remotely.
I am Pooja Sharma and I am a content writer. I have a good experience in health articles, after completing my study, I started my career as a blogger and as a writer.