One of the prime organs in the body, the kidney has a crucial role to play. Its fundamental function is to filter out the waste products from the blood. Along with that, kidney takes care of a variety of functions including, regulating blood pressure, electrolyte balance, and production of red blood cell in the body.
Kidney Transplant-An overview
In case of kidney failure, a kidney transplant is the only option. In this procedure, the failed, damaged or diseased kidney (of the recipient) is substituted with a healthy one (of the donor). Though the steps involved in the procedure are quite simple, the primary concern is to find a suitable donor. As soon as a suitable donor is found, the transplant centre sends a notification to the patient and the appointment for a transplant is fixed.
Before the surgery is commenced, there are certain instructions given by the doctor that should be taken into account. One basic instruction is to not eat or drink anything until the doctor say so. Also, one must take the prescribed medicines.
During the transplant:
The operation takes over 3 hours to complete. It has 3 main stages.
In the first stage, a small incision is made in the lower abdomen of the patient’s body. Thereafter, the donated kidney attained from the donor is carefully positioned through this incision. The original kidneys are normally left where they are as these kidneys are totally harmless. Though in case of pain or an infection, these kidneys are removed.
In the second stage, the patient’s blood vessels are connected to the blood vessels of the replaced kidney. This is done to ensure that the new kidney has the proper access to the blood supply in order to function properly.
In the last stage, the new kidney is attached to the patient’s ureter (the long tube that is responsible for carrying urine to the bladder). In the beginning, a small tube made of plastic may be inserted into the ureter; this allows obstruction-free urine flow. It is removed after a while. This entire process takes around six to 12 weeks to complete.
The incision is finally closed when the new kidney starts to function properly.
After the transplant:
After emerging from anesthesia, the patient who has undergone a transplant can feel pain. To combat this pain, doctors advise the patients to take painkillers. In addition, the patient is put on a new set of medication that proves helps his or her immune system to get used to the new kidney; chances of rejection become minimum.
After the surgery, one must abide by the instructions given by the operating surgeon or doctor that may include:
- After the surgery, the risks of getting an infection are high. Hence, one must take care of their hygiene, eating habits and more for at least 90 days to avoid the risks of infection
- Staying hydrated is the key. Hence, post-surgery one must keeps an eye on their water intake. Staying hydrated will help patients ensure a faster recovery.
- After the surgery, one must cut back the salt intake as it will aid to control the fluid retention and blood pressure.
- As the immune system tends to weaken after undergoing a transplant, one should make sure to increase their protein intake; include protein-rich foods in your diet to gain the strength to fight with diseases.
After understanding the procedure in and out, your next aim should be to track the best hospital that offers the option of the best-quality kidney transplant in India. To help you with this, MedMonks, a leading medical travel company can prove tremendously helpful. With an access to India’s best treatment centers and highly-qualified surgeons, the experienced team of MedMonsk will help you seek the top-grade medical care at minimal costs.